About Orthodontics

For most people, achieving a healthy, beautiful smile is the reason for receiving orthodontic care. If you're self-conscious about your smile, correcting your concerns with braces will greatly improve the way you look and feel.

When your treatment is complete, you will have the smile you've always dreamed of and the confidence to show it off! We also want you to feel comfortable and confident throughout your entire orthodontic experience, and our practice is dedicated to making sure that you receive the quality care you deserve.

How Orthodontic Treatment Works

Orthodontic appliances are made of metal, ceramic, or plastic. They may be removable or they may be brackets bonded to the teeth. By placing a constant, gentle force in a carefully controlled direction, braces slowly move teeth to the proper position.

Gone are the days when a metal band with a bracket was placed around each tooth. You can now choose clear or metal brackets and, in some cases, the color of your appliance. Wires are far less noticeable, and the latest materials are designed to move teeth faster with more comfort. Today, any age is a great age to wear braces!

Duration Of Treatment

Treatment time varies and can last between one and three years, depending on several factors including age, treatment method, and the individual factors of your case. A big factor in a successful treatment is you! The more involved and diligent you are, the more efficient your treatment will be. For children, receiving interceptive or early treatment can also help provide a quicker treatment time.

Before beginning your orthodontic care, Dr. Reynoso will discuss all of your options and provide an estimate for how long your full treatment may take. Please contact our practice to schedule an appointment and learn more about types of orthodontics and the treatment we provide.

Orthodontic Frequently Asked Questions

Boy with Braces

What age should my child have an orthodontic evaluation?

The American Association of Orthodontists (AAO) recommends an orthodontic screening for children by the age of 7 years. At age 7, the teeth and jaws are developed enough so that the dentist or orthodontist can see if there will be any serious bite problems in the future. Most of the time treatment is not necessary at age 7, but it gives the parents and dentist time to watch the development of the patient and decide on the best mode of treatment. When you have time on your side, you can plan ahead and prevent the formation of serious problems.

Why is it important to have orthodontic treatment at a young age?

Research has shown that serious orthodontic problems can be more easily corrected when the patient’s skeleton is still growing and flexible. We can prepare the mouth for the eventual eruption of the permanent teeth by correcting the skeletal problems at a younger age. If the permanent teeth have adequate space to erupt they will come in fairly straight. If the teeth erupt fairly straight, their tendency to get crooked again after the braces come off is diminished significantly. After the permanent teeth have erupted - usually from age 12-14 - complete braces are placed for final alignment and detailing of the bite.

Doing orthodontic treatment in two phases allows for early recognition of problems with the bite and teeth, and can often prevent removal of permanent treatment and the need for jaw surgery.

  • Phase-1 treatment is conducted when some of the baby teeth are still present.
  • Phase-2 treatment occurs after all of the permanent teeth have erupted.

How do teeth move?

Tooth movement is a natural response to light pressure over a period of time. Pressure is applied by using a variety of orthodontic appliances. The most common orthodontic hardwear are braces or brackets attached to the teeth and connected by an arch wire. Periodically changing these arch wires puts pressure on the teeth. At different stages of treatment your child may wear headgear, elastics, a positioner or a retainer. Most orthodontic appointments are scheduled 4 to 6 weeks apart to give the teeth time to move.

Orthodontic Care

Proper Diet

Avoid Sticky Foods such as:

Candy bars with caramel
Fruit Roll-Ups
Candy or caramel apples
Gummy Bears

Avoid Hard or Tough Foods Such as:

Pizza Crust
Hard Candy
Corn Chips
Ice Cubes
Popcorn Kernels

Cut the following foods into small pieces and chew with your back teeth:

Corn on the Cob
Chicken Wings
Spare Ribs

Types of Braces


Traditional metal braces are the most common type of braces and are more comfortable today than ever before. Made of high-grade stainless steel, metal braces straighten your teeth using metal brackets and archwires. With metal braces, you have the option of adding colored elastics (rubber bands) for a more unique and colorful smile.

Metal braces sample 1 Metal braces sample 2


Ceramic braces are made of clear materials and are therefore less visible on your teeth than metal braces. For this reason, ceramic braces are used mainly on older teenagers and adult patients who have cosmetic concerns. While they are visually less prominent, they do require more attention to oral hygiene as ceramic braces are larger and are more brittle than their metal counterparts. For these reasons, ceramic braces tend to be used more on upper front teeth than on lower teeth.

Ceramic braces sample



Dr. Reynoso is a Certified Invisalign® Provider

Consider Invisalign® treatment to get the beautiful straight teeth you’ve always wanted – without braces. A complimentary consultation with Dr. Reynoso can determine if Invisalign® clear aligners are right for you.

What is Invisalign®?

Invisalign® treatment uses a series of virtually invisible, removable, and comfortable aligners that allow you to smile more during treatment as well as after. Invisalign® clear aligners are made with 3D computer imaging technology and have been proven effective.

Why Would I Want It?

  • The aligners are virtually invisible and removable so you can eat and drink what you want during treatment.
  • It’s easy to brush and floss.
  • Since the aligners have no metal or wires, they are more comfortable than traditional braces and you spend less time at your doctor’s office for adjustments.

How Does Invisalign® Work?

You wear each set of aligners for one week, removing them only to eat, drink, brush and floss. As you replace each aligner in the series, your teeth will move – little by little, week by week – until they have straightened to their final positions. You’ll visit us about once every six weeks to ensure that treatment is progressing as planned. While each case varies, generally total treatment time averages nine to fifteen months and includes eighteen to thirty aligners.

Teens wearing Invisalign

Invisalign Teen

Invisalign Teen® aligners give you a who new way to wear braces!


Unlike traditional metal braces, your Invisalign Teen® aligners are removable which means you can eat all the things you love without worrying about breaking a bracket or losing a rubber band. They fit in with your lifestyle and any of you extracurricular activities – from sports to music and more.

A complimentary consultation with Dr. Reynoso can determine if Invisalign clear aligners are right for you.

Orthodontic Emergencies or Problems

Please feel free to contact our office if you are experiencing any discomfort or if you have any questions about your orthodontic appliance. Below are a few simple steps that might help if you are unable to contact us or if you need a quick fix.

Loose Bracket

Occasionally, a glued bracket may come loose. You can remove the loose bracket and save it in an envelope to bring to the office. If a bracket becomes loose, call the office as soon as possible in order for us to allow time to re-glue the bracket.

Poking Wire

If a wire is poking your gums or cheek there are several things you can try until before scheduling an office appointment. First, try a ball of wax on the irritating wire. You may also try using a nail clipper or cuticle cutter to cut the extra piece of wire that is sticking out. Sometimes, a poking wire can be safely turned down so that it no longer causes discomfort. You can use a pencil eraser, or some other smooth object to tuck the offending wire out of the way.

Wire Out of Back Brace

Please be careful to avoid hard or sticky foods that may bend the wire or cause it to come out of its proper brace. If this happens, you may use needle nose pliers or tweezers to put the wire back into the hole in the back brace. If you are unable to do this, you may clip the wire to ease the discomfort. Please call the office as soon as possible to schedule an appointment to replace the wire.

Poking Elastic (Rubber Band) Hook

Some brackets have small hooks on them for elastic wear. These hooks can occasionally become irritating to the lips or cheeks. If this happens, you may either use a pencil eraser to carefully push the hook in, or you can place a ball of wax on the hook to make the area feel smooth.

Sore Teeth

You may be experiencing some discomfort after beginning treatment or at the change of wires or adjusting of appliances. This is normal and should diminish within 24-72 hours. A few suggestions to help with the discomfort:

  1. Rinse with warm water.
  2. Eat a soft-food diet.
  3. Take acetaminophen (Tylenol) or ibuprofen (Advil) as directed on the bottle.
  4. If pain persists more than a few days, call our office.